Nano Technology AI

nano technology
nano technology

What is Nano technology?

Nanotechnology, or nanotech for short, is the practical application of the study and manipulation of matter at the atomic, molecular, and supramolecular levels. Molecular nanotechnology, the term used to describe the discipline that focuses on the manipulation of individual molecules in order to create larger-scale products, was the original and most widely used definition of anotechnology.

Scientific disciplines in nanotechnology examples

Nanotechnology, by definition, encompasses a wide range of scientific disciplines. Some examples include: surface science; organic chemistry; molecular biology; semiconductor physics; energy storage; engineering; microfabrication; and molecular engineering. Research and applications in this area are just as varied, touching on topics as disparate as the development of novel materials with nanoscale dimensions and the direct control of matter at the atomic scale.

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Nanotechnology in future

The potential effects of nanotechnology on the future are currently a hot topic of discussion among scientists. Potentially useful in fields as diverse as medicine, electronics, energy, and consumer goods, nanotechnology has the potential to provide an abundance of novel materials and gadgets. Worries regarding the toxicity and environmental impact of nanoparticles, as well as their possible impacts on the global economy, and conjecture about numerous apocalyptic scenarios, are only some of the concerns raised by nanotechnology. Because of these worries, there is currently an ongoing discussion between lobbying groups and governments regarding whether or not nanotechnology needs its own set of regulations.

Different types of nanotechnology
Different types of nanotechnology

National Nanotechnology

Initiative later adopted a broader definition of nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized between 1 and 100 nanometers. Due to the prevalence of quantum mechanical effects at this quantum-realm scale, the definition has shifted from a specific technological goal to a research category including all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter which occur below the given size threshold. For this reason, the term “nanotechnologies” (plural) and “nanoscale technologies” (singular) are both frequently used to describe the wide variety of studies and uses that share the characteristic of their small size.

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Who founded nanotechnology?

However, the word “nano-technology” was not widely known until it was coined by Norio Taniguchi in 1974. K. Eric Drexler coined the word “nanotechnology” in 1986’s Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology, in which he posited the concept of a nanoscale “assembler” that could construct a copy of itself and of other items of arbitrary complexity with atomic control. Drexler also co-founded The Foresight Institute in 1986 (with which he is no longer associated) to educate the public about nanotechnology. Drexler’s theoretical and public work, which developed and popularised a conceptual framework for nanotechnology, and high-visibility experimental advances that drew additional widespread attention to the prospects of atomic control of matter converging in the 1980s to give birth to nanotechnology as a field.

The development of nanotechnology as we know it now can be traced back to two pivotal discoveries made in the 1980s. To begin, in 1981 the scanning tunnelling microscope was developed, which allowed for the first time the observation of individual atoms and bonds, and in 1989 it was successfully utilized to manipulate individual atoms. The microscope was developed by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory, who shared the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics. An comparable atomic force microscope was also developed by Binnig, Quate, and Gerber in the same year.

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FAQ about Nano Technology

Is nano technology a real thing?
During the 1990s, significant advances in nanotechnology, such as carbon nanotubes, were developed. Nanomaterials were being employed in consumer goods by the early 2000s, from digital cameras to sporting goods. Although modern nanotechnology is relatively new, materials with a nanometer-scale have been utilized for centuries.
Can humans use nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology has a variety of uses. Nanotechnology has already benefitted and will continue to improve food, technology, fuels, batteries, environmental causes, chemical sensors, and even athletic products.
Do nanoparticles change your DNA?
Certain metal-based nanoparticles have the ability to interact with the hydrogen peroxide found in every cell and change it into a hydroxyl radical that may reach the nucleus and cause DNA damage.
Can nanoparticles enter the brain?
After entering the body, nanoparticles can travel through the circulatory system to the organs. Additionally, based on their attributes including size, shape, and chemical reactivity, they can pass across the blood-brain barrier or travel down the olfactory nerve’s axonal network to the brain.
Can nanoparticles control humans?
These nanoparticles were developed as injectable, reversible male contraceptives or to target and kill tumor cells. However, gold nanoparticles may one day be utilized to control our brain, or more specifically, to remotely activate brain cells and aid in the treatment of neurological disorders.

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