Who were the luddites
While the name “Luddite” is now used to designate anyone who is opposed to technological advancements, it has its roots in a labor movement of the early 19th century that protested the displacement of skilled artisans by mechanical production and unskilled labor. Luddite is often used to describe those people who are against new technologies in Hindi. Luddite meaning in Bangali is somebody who is against or opposes technologies progress.
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Origin of luddites and how they raised
In the beginning, the Luddite movement began with British weavers and textile workers who were against the widespread adoption of automated looms and knitting frames. Most of them were accomplished craftspeople who had spent years honing their trade, and they were worried that inexperienced machine operators were taking their jobs. There were a few desperate weavers who started breaking into factories and wrecking textile machines when the economic demands of the Napoleonic Wars made the cheap competitiveness of early textile factories particularly worrisome to the craftspeople. Luddites got their name from Ned Ludd, apprentice who allegedly destroyed textile machinery in 1779.
Luddites and British government
In 1811, Nottingham saw the first significant incidents of machine breaking, and the practice quickly spread across the English countryside. The machine-destroying Luddites sacked and torched workplaces and occasionally engaged security guards and soldiers in gun battles. The workers thought their attacks would discourage bosses from installing costly machinery, but the British government moved to put down the uprisings by making machine-breaking a capital offence. In April 1812, the disturbance reached its zenith when a group of Luddites attacked a mill in the Huddersfield area and were gunned down. In the days that followed, the army had dispatched several thousand men to pick up these dissidents; many of them were executed by hanging or deportation to Australia. There was hardly any sign of Luddite activity by 1813. In the modern era, however, their term has been revived as an euphemism for technophobe.
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To what extent did the Luddite movement succeed?
At Middleton’s Burton’s Mill and Lancashire’s West Houghton Mill, Luddites clashed with the British Army. Anonymous murder threats were delivered to magistrates and food merchants by the Luddites and their allies. In 1816, protesters in Loughborough broke Heathcote’s lacemaking machine.